W04-02: Relations between Institutional Roles and Deontic Roles in Biomedical Organizations
|Title||W04-02: Relations between Institutional Roles and Deontic Roles in Biomedical Organizations|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||J.N. O, M. B|
|Conference Name||International Conference on Biomedical Ontology and BioCreative (ICBO BioCreative 2016)|
|Publisher||CEUR-ws.org Volume 1747|
Doctors, nurses, surgeons, and other healthcare professionals are bearers of institutional roles (e.g. physician role), and it is common to think of these roles as having deontic powers as parts. This is reflected in sentences like: "Part of my job involves an obligation to oversee patient care" and "Doctors at this hospital have the following privileges...". The Document Act Ontology (d-acts; http://purl.obolibrary.rog/obo/iao/d-acts.owl) enables us to represent how deontic powers are created by document acts. Deontic powers are realizable entities that we treat as deontic roles (e.g. obligor role). This means deontic powers are roles themselves. In this talk, we turn to the question of the relationships between institutional roles and deontic roles. We propose that institutional roles can have deontic roles as parts. We illustrate how different kinds of deontic powers give rise to different parthood relations, and we conclude by arguing that such relations can better capture the nature of organizational structure than the traditional reliance on institutional roles alone.