W12-03: The Biological Collections Ontology for linking traditional and contemporary biodiversity data
|Title||W12-03: The Biological Collections Ontology for linking traditional and contemporary biodiversity data|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Walls R, Guralnick R|
|Conference Name||International Conference on Biomedical Ontology and BioCreative (ICBO BioCreative 2016)|
|Publisher||CEUR-ws.org Volume 1747|
Biodiversity data comes from many sources, ranging from museum specimens to field surveys to genomic sequences. Domain specific standards provide vocabularies for many types of these data, but they do not fully support integrating data across methods, scales, and domains. The Biological Collections Ontology (BCO) was designed to bridge the terminology gap between traditional museum-based specimen collections and more contemporary environmental sampling methods, such as metagenomic sequencing, by providing a logically defined set of terms for biodiversity that map to standards such as the Darwin Core and Minimum Information for any Sequence. The BCO is expanding to encompass observational biodiversity data such as field surveys and taxonomic inventories. A key design principle of the BCO is to clearly distinguish the different types of processes involved in biodiversity data collection along with the inputs and outputs of those processes. The BCO has applications to plant biodiversity studies for linking herbarium specimens to sequence data, connecting trait data to specimens, and describing survey data.